Martha's Vineyard Atlas of LifeSpecies ListsFish (Freshwater Osteichthyes)Checklist of Freshwater Osteichthyes

Checklist of Freshwater Fish

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Checklist of Freshwater Fish

Scientific NameCommon NameNotes
3. Superclass Gnathostomata, Class Osteichtyes: Bony Fish
Family Anguillidae: Fresh-water Eels
Anguilla rostrateAmerican Eelnative; fresh and brackish water; known from most ponds and brooks and one pond on Nomans Land Island.
Family Clupeidae: Herrings
Alosa aestivalisBlue-back Herringnative; fresh and brackish water; known from several large coastal ponds.
Alosa pseudoharengusAlewifenative; fresh and brackish water; known from several large ponds.
Family Engraulidae: Anchovy Family
Anchoa mitchelliBay Anchovynative; primarily a marine species but found occasionally in fresh/brackish ponds such as Chilmark Pond and Menemsha Pond.
Family Cyprinidae: Carps and Minnows
Notemigonus crysoleucusGolden Shinernative; fresh water only; known from two sites in West Tisbury and Chilmark.
Family Ictaluridae: Bullhead Catfish
Ameiurus nebulosusBrown Bullheadnative; fresh water only; found in three island ponds in the moranial hills of West Tisbury and Tisbury.
Family Esocidae: Pikes and Pickerels
Stizostedion vitreumWalleye Pikefresh water only; introduced into Squibnocket Pond in the 1930's; now extirpated.
Esox americanusRedfin Pickerelnative; fresh water only; found in one pond in the West Tisbury moranial hills.
Esox nigerChain Pickerelnative; fresh water only; known from at least seven island ponds mostly in the moranial hills.
Family Osmeridae: Smelts
Osmerus mordaxRainbow Smeltnative; salt and brackish water primarily; has been known to enter Squibnocket Pond when it was open to the sea; currently believed extirpated from there.
Family Salmonidae: Salmon and Trout
Oncorhynchus mykissRainbow Troutfresh water only; about 1 into Upper Chilmark Pond sometime between 1916 and 1950; now believed extirpated
Salmo truttaBrown Troutfresh water only; introduced into Upper Lagoon Pond regularly since 1970; still present.
Salvelinus fontinalisBrook Troutnative; fresh water only; known from at least 12 island ponds and streams; individuals in some brooks such as Roaring Brook in Chilmark are dwarf forms known for over a century and probably have been present at least since the island separated from the mainland.
Family Gadidae: Cods
Microgadus tomcodAtlantic Tomcodnative; brackish water primarily; known from two sites in Chilmark and West Tisbury.
Family Belonidae: Needlefish
Stronglura marinaAtlantic Needlefishnative; primarily salt water but found in brackish ponds and estuaries from July to October primarily to spawn; known from two island sites.
Family Fundulidae: Killifish
Fundulus diaphanousBanded Killifishnative; fresh water only; known from at least ten island sites; in all towns but Edgartown
Fundulus heteroclitusMummichognative; primarily in brackish to salt water; known from most major coastal ponds on the island. Possibly the species seen at Nomans Land Island.
Lucania parvaRainwater Killifishnative; primarily fresh water but also brackish water in salt-marshes; known from most south shore island ponds and a few fresh water streams.
Family Cyprinodontidae: Minnows
Cyprinodon variegatusSheepshead Minnownative; a fresh-water species elsewhere but in MA primarily found in brackish and salt water bays and estuaries; found in several south shore ponds Katama Bay Lake Tashmoo and the Lagoon; near the very north end of its East Coast distribution.
Family Atherinopsidae: Silversides
Menidia beryllinaInland Silversidenative; mostly in brackish to salt water; found regularly in most island coastal ponds, bays, and estuaries. Uncommon local and cyclic north of Cape Cod.
Menidia menidiaAtlantic Silversidenative; mostly in brackish water in coastal ponds, bays, and estuaries; common in such island localities.
Family Mugilidae: Mullets
Mugil cephalusStriped Mulletnative; mostly in brackish water in coastal ponds, bays, and estuaries; known from Menemsha Pond the Lagoon Sengekontacket Pond and Tisbury Great Pond.
Family Gasterosteidae: Sticklebacks
Apeltes quadracusFourspine Sticklebacknative; primarily in brackish salt marshes and tidal creeks; known from most south coast ponds and all brackish bays.
Gasterosteus aculeatusThreespine Sticklebacknative; primarily salt water until spawning season in spring and early summer when it regularly enters brackish areas; known from Menemsha and Tisbury Great Ponds; the trimorphic fresh water form is a Threatened species in MA.
Pungitius pungitiusNinespine Sticklebacknative; primarily in brackish water in salt marshes and coastal streams; known from at least nine sites in such island localities.
Family Syngnathidae: Pipefishes
Syngnathus fuscusNorthern Pipefishnative; primarily in salt water but regularly enters brackish bays and estuaries; known from Tisbury and Edgartown Great Ponds and Katama Bay especially August to October.
Family Moronidae: Striped Bass Family
Morone americanaWhite Perchnative; found in fresh brackish and salt water; known from three south shore coastal ponds and Menemsha Pond.
Family Centrarchidae: Sunfish
Enneacanthus obesusBanded Sunfishnative; heavily vegetated fresh water only; found at two sites in West Tisbury in 1988.
Lepomis macrochirusBluegilloriginally introduced into Upper Chilmark Pond before 1980 but now thought to be extirpated; known from one West Tisbury site.
Micropterus dolomieuSmallmouth Bassformerly introduced into Upper Chilmark and Squibnocket Ponds but now believed extirpated.
Micropterus salmoidesLargemouth Bassformerly introduced into Upper Chilmark Pond but now believed extirpated; found at one West Tisbury site.
Pomoxis nigromaculatusBlack Crappierecords are from eDNA data collected in 2017 from Looks Pond in West Tisbury
Family Percidae: Perch
Etheostoma fusiformeSwamp Darternative; heavily vegetated fresh water only; known from two ponds in the moranial hills.
Etheostoma olmstediTessellated Darternative; only in flowing fresh water streams of Chilmark and West Tisbury; known from five sites.
Perca flavescensYellow Perchnative; fresh water ponds and slow-moving streams only; known from at least nine island ponds.
Family Carangidae: Jacks
Caranx hipposCrevalle Jacknative; primarily salt water but often enters brackish bays; known from Menemsha Pond.
Family Achiridae: American Sole Family
Trinectes maculatusHogchokernative; found in brackish estuaries and coastal streams influenced by the tide; known from Tisbury Great Pond.