Martha's Vineyard Atlas of LifeSpecies ListsFish (Saltwater Osteichtyes)Checklist of Saltwater Fish

Checklist of Saltwater Fish

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Checklist of Saltwater Osteichthyes

Salt Water Fish  
Scientific NameCommon NameNotes
Order Acipenseriformes
Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchusAtlantic Sturgeonformerly occasional, now very rare
Order Albuliformes
Albula vulpesBonefishrare; found once in 1871
Order Anguilliformes
Anguilla rostrataAmerican Eelcommon
Conger oceanicusConger Eelmoderately common seasonally
Muraena retiferaReticulate Moray Eelaccidental; 1 off Chappaquiddick 1899; the only New England record (Smith 1899)
Ophichthus cruentiferMargined Snake Eelrare
Order Atheriniformes
Menidia beryllinaInland Silversidecommon
Menidia menidiaAtlantic Silversidecommon
Order Aulopiformes
Synodus foetensInshore Lizardfishuncommon
Order Batrachoidiformes
Opsanus tauOyster Toadfishcommon
Order Beloniformes
Cheilopogon melanurusAtlantic Flying Fishrare; found in 1899 and 1908
Exocoetus volitansTropical Two-wing Flying Fishscarce
Hirundichthys rondeletiiBlack Wing Flying Fishrare; found in 1900
Hyporhampus robertiSlender Halfbeakuncommon
Scomberesox saurusNorth Atlantic Sauryrare; found in 1905
Tylosurus acusAgujon Needlefishrare
Strongylura marinaSilver Gar or Atlantic Needlefishmoderately common
Order Beryciformes
Sargocentron coruscumReef Squirrelfishvery rare; found in 1899 and 1900
Order Clupeiformes
Alosa aestivalisBlueback Herringcommon
Alosa mediocrisHickory Shadcommon
Alosa pseudoharengusAlewifeformerly abundant, now moderately common
Alosa sapidissimaAmerican Shadformerly common, now uncommon
Anchoa hepsetusBroad-striped Anchovyrare; taken in 1906
Anchoa mitchelliBay Anchovycommon
Brevoortia tyrannusAtlantic Menhadencommon
Clupea harengusAtlantic Herringseasonally common
Sardinella auritaSpanish Sardinerare; taken in 1892,1900, and 1908
Dorosoma cepedianumAtlantic Gizzard Shadcommon some years
Engraulis encrasicolusEuropean Anchovyvariably common; an Eastern Atlantic species
Etrumeus teresAtlantic Round Herringrare; taken in 1905 and 1908
Opisthonema oglinumAtlantic Thread Herringvery rare; taken 1885, 1901, and 1902
Order Cyprinodontiformes
Fundulus diaphanousBanded Killifishcommon
Fundulus heteroclitusMummichogcommon
Fundulus majalisStriped Killifishcommon
Cyprinodon variegatusSheepshead Minnowcommon
Lucania parvaRainwater Killifishcommon
Order Elopiformes
Elops saurusLadyfishmoderately common
Megalops atlanticusTarponuncommon to rare
Order Gadiformes
Brosme brosmeCuskvery rare
Gadus morhuaAtlantic Codformerly common now rare
Gaidropsarus argentatusArctic Rocklingrare
Melanogrammus aeglefinusHaddockformerly uncommon now rare
Merluccius bilinearisSilver Hakevariably uncommon to common; formerly common
Microgadus tomcodAtlantic Tomcodcommon
Nezumia bairdiiMarlin-spike Grenadiervery rare; found once in, 1882
Pollachius virensPollockformerly common; now uncommon to rare
Urophycis chussRed Hakecommon but less so than formerly
Urophycis regiaSpotted Hakerare
Urophycis tenuisWhite Hakecommon
Order Gasterosteiformes
Apeltes quadracusFourspine Sticklebackcommon
Gasterosteus aculeatusThreespine Sticklebackcommon
Gasterosteus wheatlandiBlackspotted Sticklebackuncommon
Pungitius pungitiusNorth American Ninespine Sticklebackcommon
Order Lophiiformes
Histrio histrioSargassum Fishirregular; only found with floating Sargassum weed
Lophius americanusGoosefishcommon
Order Ophidiiformes
Ophidion marginatumStriped Cusk-eelrare; one found in 2001
Order Osmeriformes
Osmerus mordaxRainbow Smeltformerly common now rare
Order Perciformes
Acanthurus bahianusOcean Surgeonfishrare
Acantuhurus coeruleusBlue Tang Surgeonfishrare
Acanthurus chirurgusDoctorfishuncommon
Alectis ciliarisAfrican Pompanovery rare; one found in 1999
Alectis crinitusThreadfinrare
Amodytes americanusSand Launceabundant to common
Anarhichas lupusAtlantic Wolffishrare
Apogon maculatusFlamefishrare; found in 1899
Archosargus probatocephalusSheepsheaduncommon
Auxis rocheiBullet Tunauncommon
Auxis thazardFrigate Mackerelrare; one found in 1885
Brama bramaAtlantic Pomfretrare; found near Noman’s Land in 1904
Caranx bartholomaeiYellow Jackrare; found in 1908
Caranx crysosBlue Runneruncommon
Caranx hipposCravalle Jackuncommon
Caranx sexfasciatusBig-eye Trevallyuncommon to rare
Centropristis striataBlack Sea Basscommon
Pomacanthus arcuatusGray Angelfishvery rare; one record
Chaetodipterus faberAtlantic Spadefishvery rare; one found in 1906
Chaetodon capistratusFoureye Butterflyfishvariably rare to absent
Chaetodon ocellatusSpotfin Butterflyfishuncommon
Coryphaena hippurusDolphinuncommon
Cryptacanthodes maculatusWrymouthrare; one found in 1900
Cynoscion regalisWeakfishcommon
Decapturus macarellusMackerel Scadseasonally common
Decapturus punctatusRound Scadrare; found in 1908
Epinephelus adscensionisRock Hindrare; one found in 1899
Epinephelus morioRed Grouperrare; found in 1899 and 1900
Epinephelus nigritusWarsaw Grouperrare; one found in 1899
Epinephelus niveatusSnowy Groupervariably common to uncommon
Euthynnus alletteratusLittle Tunnycommon
Gobiosoma bosciNaked Gobyrare; found in 1906
Gobiosoma ginsburgiSeaboard Gobyuncommon
Hyperoglyphe perciformisBarrelfishcommon
Katsuwonus pelamisSkipjack Tunavery rare; found once in 1878
Kyphosus spectatorBermuda Sea Chubrare; found in 1906
Lagodon rhomboidesPinfishrare
Leistomus xanthurusSpotuncommon
Lobotes surinamensisAtlantic Tripletailvery rare; found in 1873, 1875, 1886, and 1890
Lopholatilus chamaeleonticepsTilefishuncommon to rare off Noman’s Land
Lutjanus analisMutton Snapperrare; found 1899 and 1900
Lutjanus apodusSchoolmaster Snapperrare; found 1900 and 1901
Lutjanus campechanusNorthern Red Snapperrare; found 1890 and 1900
Lutjanus griseusGray Snapperrare; found 1897, 1900, and 1906
Lycodes lavalaeiArctic Ocean Poutvery rare; only known record south of Maine
Zoarces americanusOcean Poutuncommon
Makaira nigricansBlue Marlinuncommon
Menticirrhus saxatilisNorthern Kingfishvariably uncommon to common
Morone americanaWhite Perchcommon
Morone saxatilisStriped Basscommon
Mugil cephalusStriped Mulletcommon seasonally
Mugil curemaWhite Mulletcommon seasonally
Mullus auratusRed Goatfishuncommon
Mycteroperca bonaciBlack Grouperrare; found in 1899
Mycteroperca interstitialisYellowmouth Grouperrare; found in 1899 and 1900
Nomeus gronoviiMan-o-war Fishrare; found in 1889 and 1894
Ocyurus chrysurusYellowtail Snappervery rare; found in 1900
Oligoplites saurusLeatherjackvery rare; found in 1874 and 1875
Orthopristis chrysopteraPigfishvery rare; found in 1908
Paracanthurus hepatusPalette Surgeonfishuncommon
Peprilus paruHarvest Fishrare
Peprilus triacanthusButterfishcommon
Pholis gunnellusRock Gunnelcommon
Polydactylus octonemusEight-threaded Threadfinvery rare; taken in 1908
Pomatomus saltatrixBluefishcommon
Priacanthus arenatusAtlantic Bigeyerare
Pristigenys altaShort Bigeyerare
Rachycentron canadumCobiarare
Remora brachypteraSpearfish Remorauncommon to rare
Sarda sardaAtlantic Bonitovariably common
Scarus iseriStriped Parrotfishrare; 2 found in 1900
Scomber coliasAtlantic Chub Mackereluncommon
Scomber scombrusAtlantic Mackerelcommon
Scomberomorus cavallaKing Mackereluncommon to rare
Scomberomorus maculatusSpanish Mackerelcommon
Selar crumenophthalmusBigeye Scadcommon seasonally
Selene dorsalisAfrican Moonfishrare [possibly conspecific with S. setipinnis]
Selene setipinnisAtlantic Moonfishrare
Selene vomerLookdownrare
Seriola lalandiYellowtail Amberjackuncommon
Seriola zonataBanded Rudderfishuncommon
Sphyraena borealisNorthern Sennetuncommon
Stegastes leucostictusBeaugregoryrare; one found in 1899
Stenotomus chrysopsScupcommon
Tautoga onitisTautogcommon
Tautogolabrus adspersusCunnercommon
Tetragonurus cuvieriSmalleye Squaretailrare; one found in 1899
Tetrapturus albidusWhite Marlinuncommon to rare
Thunnus albacaresYellowfin Tunacommon offshore
Thunnus alalongaAlbacore Tunacommon offshore
Thunnus obesusBigeye Tunacommon offshore
Thunnus thynnusBluefin Tunacommon offshore
Trachinotus carolinusFlorida Pompanouncommon
Trachinotus falcatusPermituncommon
Trichiurus lepturusLargehead Hairtailuncommon
Ulvaria subbifurcataRadiated Shannyrare
Xiphias gladiusSwordfishformerly moderately common; decreasing to rare
Order Pleuronectiformes
Bothus ocellatusEyed Flounderrare; found in 1906
Gymnachirus nudusNaked Solerare; one found in 1906
Hippoglossoides platessoidesAmerican Plaiceuncommon
Hippoglossus hippoglossusAtlantic Halibutformerly common now rare
Lamanda ferrugineaYellowtail Floundercommon
Scophthalmus aquosusWindowpane Floundercommon
Paralichthys dentatusSummer Floundercommon though less so than formerly
Paralichthys oblongusFourspot Floundercommon
Etropus microstomusSmallmouth Flounderfound at Inkwell Beach in 2018 and 2-19 using eDNA technique discussed in introduction
Pseudopleuronectes americanusWinter Floundercommon
Trinectes maculatusHogchokeruncommon to rare
Order Salmoniformes
Salmo salarAtlantic Salmonrare
Order Scorpaeniformes
Cyclopterus lumpusLumpfishuncommon
Hemitripterus americanusSea Ravenuncommon
Liparis atlanticusAtlantic Sea Snailrare
Liparis liparisStriped Sea Snailuncommon
Myoxocephalus anaeusGrubby Sculpincommon
Myoxocephalus scorpiusShorthorn Sculpin
Myoxocephalus octodecimspinosusLonghorn Sculpincommon
Prionotus carolinusNorthern Sea Robincommon
Prionotus evolansStriped Sea Robincommon
Scorpaena grandicornisPlumed Scorpionfishvery rare; one found in 1899
Order Siluriformes
Bagre marinusGafftopsail Sea Catfishrare; taken in 1871,1886, and 1906
Order Syngnathiformes
Fistularia tabacariaTrumpetfishrare; taken in 1906
Hippocampus erectusLined Seahorseuncommon
Syngnathus fuscusPipefishuncommon
Order Tetraodontiformes
Acanthostracion quadricornisScrawled Cowfishrare
Aluterus monocerosUnicorn Leatherjacketrare
Aluterus schoepfiOrange Filefishrare
Balistes capriscusGray Triggerfishuncommon but regular
Balistes vetulaQueen Triggerfishuncommon to rare
Canthidermis sufflamenOcean Triggerfishrare; one found in 1897
Chilomycterus antillarumWeb Burrfishrare; found in 1899 and 1911
Cyclichthys schoepfiStriped Burrfishirregular
Lactophrys trigonusBuffalo Trunkfishuncommon
Lactophrys triqueterSmooth Trunkfishrare; found in 1899
Lagocephalus laevigatusSmooth Pufferuncommon
Mola molaOcean Sunfishuncommon to rare
Sphoeroides maculatusNorthern Puffercommon
Sphoeroides spengleriBandtail Southern Puffervery rare; found in 1899 and 1900
Stephanolepis hispidusPlanehead Filefishvery rare; found in 1899